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 New Jersey . USA

PATH, Newark Subway, HBLRGo to New York City!


The New Jersey side of the New York metropolitan area (west of the Hudson River) does not have as much rail infrastructure as its more famous neighbor, New York City, but still features various systems including the Newark Light Rail, PATH, Hudson-Bergen Light Rail, and New Jersey Transit Commuter Rail.

Newark City Subway at Orange St © Robert BarrowsThis light rail subway, originally built as a downtown subway where many streetcar routes converged, became over time the last remaining part of the system. Up through 2001, PCC tram/streetcars were used, but they have recently been replaced by modern LRV's. The tunnels travel through what was once the Morris Canal, a major trade artery in the area that ceased being used with the introduction of railways and became an unsanitary and unpleasant feature. In November 1929, construction of the line began, and on October 3, 1934, the tunnel began taking trains between Warren St and Heller Parkway.

A new segment, referred to as Newark Light Rail, from Newark-Penn Station to Newark-Broad Street Station opened in July 2006. This segment is partly underground and then continues at-grade. Eventually, the line is planned to connect to Newark-Liberty International Airport, south of the city.

Penn Station  © Bob BarrowsHistory

November 18, 1929: construction begins
October 3, 1934: Warren St - Heller Parkway (now closed)
June 20, 1937: Warren St - Penn Station

November 22, 1940: Heller Parkway - Franklin Ave (now Branch Brook Park)
2002: Branch Brook Park - Grove St
July 17, 2006: Penn Station - Broad Street Station

Newark Light Rail Newark Light Rail

PATH at Newark © Robert BarrowsPATH, one of the faster metro systems in the United States, has its origins in the Hudson River Tunnel Railroad founded by DeWitt Clinton Haskin and Trenor W. Park in 1874. A court injunction was obtained by the local ferry company, and work on the project finally commenced five years later. Less than a year after that, 20 workers were killed when the tunnel flooded. At the beginning of 1881, construction was resumed but repeatedly stopped while an injection of money was sought after. In August 1891, the company went bankrupt and finally the north tunnel of the north crossing was completed in 1904. The next year, the south tunnel was opened. In 1908, service began on the line, with the southern river crossing opening in 1909.


March 11, 1904- The westbound tunnel of the northern Hudson River crossing was completed
September 25, 1905- The eastbound tunnel was finished
February 25, 1908- Service begins Hoboken-Christopher St?
July 19, 1909- New Jersey section and southern crossing opened
1910- Christopher St?-33rd St
1962- The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey renames the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad 'PATH'
September 11, 2001- Service suspended from Grove St- World Trade Center
November 23, 2003- Service fully reopened to World Trade Center



A new station is under construction at World Trade Center, where a temporary station is currently in service.
PATH 33rd Street PATH Hoboken

Hudson-Bergen LR at Harbor Side © Robert BarrowsThis relatively new light rail system features electric, low-floor cars that operate along the corridor between Bayonne and Hoboken.


Bergenline Ave © Bob BarrowsApril 2000: Exchange Place- West Side Ave/34th St
November 2000: Exchange Place- Newport
September 2002: Newport- Hoboken
November 15, 2003: 34th St - 22nd St
September 7, 2004: Hoboken - Lincoln Harbor
October 29, 2005: Lincoln Harbor - Port Imperial Ferry (weekends only)
February 25, 2006: Lincoln Harbor - Tonnelle Ave
January 31, 2011: 22nd St - 8th St (Bayonne)



Northern extension to Tenafly planned (Project Website)

Hudson-Bergen Light Rail Hudson-Bergen Light Rail

New Jersey Transit has information on the Subway, the Light Rail, and the Commuter Rail

Port Authority of New York and New Jersey - operates PATH

nycsubway.org has information on these various systems

Hudson Tubes (PATH) by Bob Klapouchy

SubwayNut - many photos of rail transit around New York

Allen Morrison's photos of the Broad Street Station Line

PATH at Wikipedia

Newark Light Rail at Wikipedia

Hudson-Bergen Light Rail at Wikipedia

Jon Bell's New Jersey pages

Robert Barrows' New Jersey Gallery

Subways and Light Rail

in the U.S.A.

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2007 © Robert Schwandl (UrbanRail.Net)