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SAN FRANCISCO
 California . USA

San Francisco BART system map 2008 © Robert SchwandlClick to enlarge San Francisco urban area!Expand to view Bay Area Map!

Click here to enlarge San Francisco urban area or complete Bay Area incl. San José!

 Muni Metro | Cablecars | Streetcars
 BART

19th OaklandBART (Bay Area Rapid Transit) is a modern rapid rail system (30 km underground in downtown San Francisco Oakland and Berkeley) which crosses the Bay in a 5.8 km long immersed-tube tunnel and serves surrounding cities like Berkeley, Oakland and Richmond in the counties of Alameda, Contra Costa, San Francisco and San Mateo. Its construction began in 1964 between Concord and Walnut Creek, and the lowering of the transbay tube and the excavation of the Market Street subway in downtown San Francisco followed in the late 1960's and beginning of the 1970's. Along Market Street, BART trains run on level -3, while level -2 (once planned for another BART line) is now used by Muni Metro, an urban light rail system.

The first BART cars were ordered from the California based Rohr Industries, with later series being delivered by Soferval (Alsthom) and Morrison-Knudsen. BART is totally grade-separated (no level crossings) and runs in ATO mode without any wayside signalling.

The first stretch opened for public service on 11 September 1972 between Oakland and Fremont. In 2017, the entire network has a total length of 166 km long, with 46 stations serving some 3 million people in the area:

- 26.5 km runs in subways through urban areas (8.9 km in San Francisco; 8.6 km in South San Francisco/San Bruno; 4 km in Oakland; 5 km in Berkeley);
- 5.8 km (7.4 km with approach tunnels) underneath the San Francisco Bay at a maximum depth of 41 m below sea level;
- 5.5 km is the Berkeley Hills tunnel between Rockridge and Orinda;

- 14 stations lie on the San Francisco peninsula, and 30 on the East Bay side;
- 16 stations are underground, 15 elevated and 14 at grade (all fully accessible to the disabled).

The BART system is operated with three all-day lines:
Blue Line: Dublin/Pleasanton - San Francisco - Daly City (extended to Millbrae in the evenings and weekends)
Yellow Line: Pittsburg/Bay Point - San Francisco - San Francisco International Airport
Orange Line: Richmond - Fremont

During daytime service (Mon-Sat, until approx. 19:00) two additional lines are operated:
Red Line: Richmond - San Francisco - Millbrae (Richmond - Daly City on Saturdays during daytime service)
Green Line: Fremont - San Francisco - Daly City

Opened on 22 Nov 2014, the "BART to OAK" people mover provides a link between BART's Coliseum station and Oakland International Airport. A ride on the 5.1 km cable propelled system takes 8 minutes, with trains running every 5-20 minutes.

 BART History

11 Sept 1972 - Oakland (MacArthur) - Fremont (44.8 km, 12 stations)
29 Jan 1973 - Oakland - Richmond (17.6 km, 6 stations)
21 May 1973 - Oakland - Concord (27.2 km, 6 stations)
05 Nov 1973 - San Francisco subway opens between Montgomery St and Daly City (12 km, 8 stations)
16 Sept 1974 - 5.8 km Transbay Tunnel opens (12.8 km, 1 station) and completes 71.5 miles (114.5 km) initial network
27 May 1976 - Embarcadero station added
16 Dec 1995 - Concord - North Concord/Martinez (3.7 km, 1 station)
24 Feb 1996 - Daly City - Colma (2.6 km, 1 station)
07 Dec 1996 - North Concord/Martinez - Pittsburg/Bay Point (12.5 km, 2 stations from Concord)
10 May 1997 - Bay Fair - Dublin/Pleasanton (19.6 km, 2 stations)
22 June 2003 - Colma - San Francisco Int'l Airport and Millbrae (ca. 13 km, 4 stations)
19 Feb 2011 - West Dublin/Pleasanton station added
25 Mar 2017 - Fremont - Warm Springs/South Fremont
(7.6 km)

 BART Projects

From Warm Springs/South Fremont, construction on the next stage, to Berryessa in San José (16 km), began in April 2012 for completion in 2018. This section will provide interchange with the VTA light rail system at the intermediate Milpitas station. The line will eventually reach San José Diridon Station and terminate at Santa Clara, adjacent to the existing Caltrain station.

The Dublin/Pleasanton branch is planned to be extended by 7.7 km east to Livermore (Isabel Ave).

The Pittsburg/Bay Point branch is currently being extended to Antioch (Hillcrest Ave), but this extension will initially be operated with diesel multiple units (DMUs), with the option of later upgrading to BART standard (East Contra Costa BART Extension - eBART).

 

 Photos

West Oakland South San Francisco Berkeley
Click here for a station by station gallery!

 

 

 Photos

MacArthur Powell
Click here for a station by station gallery!

 Links
Bay Area Transit Information - Transit 511.org

Bay Area Rapid Transit District (Official Site) incl. map

BART Silicon Valley > San Jose Extension

San Francisco Municipal Railway (MUNI Metro)

San Francisco Transit Page at New York Subway Resources (incl. everything about BART & Muni Metro)

Jon Bell's San Francisco Page incl. photos

BART Station by Station Gallery

Transbay Transit Center (Project Website)

California High Speed Rail (Project Website)

San Francisco County Transportation Authority

Caltrain

 

Subways and Light Rail  2

SUBWAYS & LIGHT RAIL
in the U.S.A.

-- The Book! --
Vol. 2: The West

Click here for more info!

 

Thanks to Yuri Popov!

 

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2007 © Robert Schwandl (UrbanRail.Net)