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Nanjing Metro map © UrbanRail.Net

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Nanjing (Nanking) lies some 300 km northwest of Shanghai and has a population of 5.2 million (6,500 sq km).

Besides the five proper metro lines opened in recent years, Nanjing has also built several suburban metro lines, prefixed S, which are technically compatible to the urban lines, but may differ through longer station distances, longer headways or shorter trains.

Nanjing Metro Nanjing Metro
   Line 1  

38.9 km, 27 stations

Construction of Metro Line 1 began in 2000 for completion in September 2005. Trial operation started on 15 June 2005. The original Line 1 from Maigaoqiao to Olympic Stadium was 22 km (14.3 km underground) with 16 stations. A southern 25 km branch was added in 2010, but in 2014, the western branch was detached and extended and became Line 10.

27 Aug 2005: Maigaoqiao - Xiaohang
03 Sept 2005: Xiaohang - Olympic Stadium (and official opening) > now part of Line 10
28 May 2010: Andemen - CPU (China Pharmaceutical University) (25 km)
28 June 2011: Nanjing South Railway Station added


   Line 2  

38 km, 26 stations

Line 2 opened in May 2010 along its full length of 38 km. It intersects twice with the older Line 1.

28 May 2010: Line 2 Youfangqiao - Jingtianlu (38 km)


   Line 3  

44.9 km, 29 stations

01 Apr 2015: Line 3 Linchang - Mozhoudonglu (44.9 km)
18 Oct 2015: Line 3 Shangyuanmen added


   Line 4  

33.8 km, 18 stations

18 Jan 2017: Longjiang - Xianlinhu (33.8 km)


   Line 10  

21.6 km, 14 stations

Line 10 was launched in July 2014 when a 16.2 km extension with 10 stations opened which was connected to the branch of the existing Line 1.

27 Aug 2005: Andemen - Xiaohang (as part of Line 1)
03 Sept 2005: Xiaohang - Olympic Stadium (as part of Line 1)
01 July 2014: Olympic Stadium - Yushanlu (and incorporating former Line 1 branch from Andemen to Olympic Stadium; plus a new station at Andemen)


   Line S1  

Airport Express Line, 35.8 km, 8 stations

01 July 2014: South Railway Station - Nanjing Lukou International Airport


   Line S8  

Ningtian Intercity Line - 45.2 km, 17 stations

01 Aug 2014: Taishan Village - Jinniuhu



Several new lines are planned. Click here for details.



Nanjing Metro Nanjing metro Nanjing metro Nanjing Metro Nanjing Metro Nanjing Metro Nanjing Metro Nanjing Metro Nanjing Metro Nanjing Metro Nanjing Metro

Nanjing metro Nanjing metro Xinjiekou

 Maps (click to expand)
Najing Metro Map Najing Metro Map Najing Metro Map Najing Metro Map
Photos 2014 © Craig Moore

A 7.8 km modern tram line, known as the Hexi Tram, opened on 1 Aug 2014, running from Olympic Stadium East station on metro line 2 towards the urban development area in the southwest.

A second line, the Kirin Tram, 9 km with 13 stops, will open shortly.





Nanjing Metro (official site)

Nanjing Metro at Wikipedia

Nanjing Trams at Wikipedia



Craig Moore reports from Nanjing (16-04-2014):

As the former capital of China* this is an ancient city with a rich heritage -city walls and some ancient sites remain. It is also an academic and religious centre and has a population of approx 8 million. As is the norm here, however, the scale of rapid development has overwhelmed the areas of cultural interest and the centre of the city is a blend of ugly buildings, significant building work, fast food outlets, neon signs, smog and traffic-choked streets.

The two line Metro, however, is delightful. Although the Nanjing Metro isn’t one of the mega-Metros of China it is at present 85 km in length (the equivalent of Milan’s Metro). Unlike many Metros in this part of the world, it does have a real presence in the city. This is partly because of the elevated structures running along main roads and population centres in peripheral areas, but even the central underground sections are routed on main corridors and there are many direction/distance signs emblazoned with the logo and the station entrances are very visible, often integrated into shopping centres and underground passageways.

Station ticket halls are quite dark but spacious. Rows of ticket machines, detailed wall maps (see above), headway time information and highly visible ticket offices are the norm. Only the ticket office at Xinjeikou dispenses a crude schematic version of the system map which also provides fare information. Alas, the excellent geographic map on station walls does not have a pocket sized version for passengers. Moreover, there is no standardised schematic map. The ticket machines, hard copy provision, station entrance totems, platform and on-train maps are all a different shape/style (some even have the Andemen-CPU branch as a differently coloured line!). It is not the first, nor will it be the last, Metro in this area of the world to disappoint in this part of service provision. There are a mix of stairs and escalators, although I found escalators only seem to be in the upward direction in most cases.

The underground lines appear to be quite shallow with only one shallow set of stairs from ticket hall to platforms. The underground platforms are of typical Chinese style, clean lines, mix of metallic and route colour schemes, limited seating, island platforms, full platform screens, RTI screens, and detailed directional/route information in Chinese and English. There is no way you could be lost on this system.

Elevated stations have half screens and are mainly island platforms although there are some with side platforms. There are two interchange stations with Line 2 crossing Line 1 at Youantong and Xinjeikou. In addition, Andemen station has two island platforms where Line 1 splits on its two branches. Here there is no cross platform transfer (each island platform has the same direction) but this may be due to the fact that the route emerges from tunnel just 25 m south of the station so it would be difficult to fit in a quite sharp junction which would enable cross-platform/directional transfer. At all interchange these stations, directional information for interchange is very clear.

Fares are distance based, with values raging from 2 to 4 Yuan (€0.26/0.52). Vending machines and ticket offices dispense small blue tokens which are scanned at entry barriers and placed in a slot at exit barriers. There is also a rechargeable Transit Card for regular users. Services operate from approx 06.00 to 23.00 with headways of 4/5 Mins on Line 2 and the main trunk of Line 1 from Maigaoqiao to Andamen and then 10 min headways each on the Olympic Sports Centre and CPU branches. I would imagine the CPU branch would have greater headways at peak times as this line is very busy compared to the western branch, calling as it does at the impressive and very busy High Speed Rail Station (Nanjing South Station).

The stock is constructed locally at the Nanjing Puzhen Rolling Stock Works (with Alstom), which is famed in China for its automated carriage doors, supplying most metros in China. 8 carriage sets are operated with a colour-coded front plate and thick band down the side of the train. The interior is light, airy and clean with side seating of plastic bucket style. The seating is the same colour as the route line. There is audio and electronic station announcements in Chinese and English and a landscape schematic is located thorough the carriage as well as electronic route progress indicators above every door. Only one issue here, the lighting units along the sides of the carriages hang down in a very protruding ‘V’ shape which limits the vision of the maps/route indicator unless you are directly under them. As for the ride, it is smooth and quiet, but it is not the fastest Metro, and dwell times at stations are pretty long (but not as frustrating as Shanghai, Chengdu or Xian).

Generally speaking, being inaugurated 9 years ago I feel the system has held up well to the heavy traffic and still looks new today (Line 2 is only 4 years old). To the South East (Line 1) and toward Jingtianlu (line 2) the system gives some really interesting views of newly developed parts of the city and the skyline of central Nanjing (from UG to Maqun elevated station is a significant gradient change and the trains are slower at this point). The most important areas in the central area are also well covered by the network. North of Zhionghuamen Line 1 punctures the old City Walls (This got me thinking about similar such Metros - Istanbul, Nürnberg flirts with the city walls, Newcastle goes through a gap in the city walls as it crosses the Tyne. But there must be so many more in the old world).

Although I had ridden on this system previously, this visit gave me a chance to explore it fully. Overall it is one of the better systems in China and is quite user-friendly. It is not up there with Beijing, Shanghai, or Guangzhou, but on a par with Chongqing and Shenzhen. With the massive expansion plans (an expected 17 lines in the future and construction has already started in some areas. Some of the construction is being branded as S-Bahn type (the airport line for example)) then this could be a great Metro in the future.

*Nan = south; Jing = Capital; and by logic…Bei = North. For interest Xi is West and so Xi’an is Western Peace. Dong = East. There is no Dongjing in China but interestingly that is the name the Chinese give to Tokyo!

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Nanjing Metro

Nanjing Metro


2007 © Robert Schwandl (UrbanRail.Net)